The basics you need to know about hydroponic gardening

The advancements in gardening technology have come a long way. One of the primary means of gardening is hydroponics gardening, which has also evolved and advanced in numerous ways. These days, you have a wide range of methods you can employ in hydroponics gardening that enable you to tweak the optimal growth of the desired plant types you are growing,

Hydroponics gardening is a gardening method that enables you to grow plants in the absence of suitable soil. You can grow any type of plant like flowers, herbs, anise and even grow cannabis. The necessary elements of hydroponics gardening are nutrients, water, light and an inert material which is required to physically support the roots of the plant. The bare minimum includes the provision of light and water, which is self-explanatory, since no animal or plant life can survive without them. When it comes to hydroponics gardening, you can choose between a wide variety of nutrients you can use in the process. Every nutrient needs to contain the three common elements that are found in all fertilizers, and those are phosphate, nitrogen and potassium. Other elements include various micronutrients which are necessary for the plants to thrive and grow. Hydroponics gardening also requires physical support in the form of clay balls, sand, rocks, pyrite, vermiculite etc. These materials are necessary because they possess a certain degree of water holding capacity, but are at the same time chemically inert, which is important because they are not capable of altering the composition of the water.


If you want to take up hydroponics gardening, you can choose between a large number of different types, which are ultimately classified into a couple of categories. You can try with DWC system (Deep Water Culture), a system that is considered as one the simplest types of hydroponics. The basics of this system include plants floating on top of a nutrient reservoir while their roots are submerged in nutrient solution. This type of system is most useful for plants with small rots, like lettuce, herbs etc. The second type of hydroponics system you can try is Flood and Drain. This type of system is also known as ebb and flow. The primary aim of this type of system is to provide the plant roots with high levels of oxygen. This is accomplished by putting the plants into a dry reservoir that is filled with hydroponic substrate and then flooding with hydroponic nutrients. This is done in a short window of time, usually around 15 to 30 minutes. The process is then continued with the nutrients being drained out and away from the plants and redirecting the oxygen and air towards the roots of the plant. Another method is known as Nutrient Film Technique, which is considered a more advanced technique designed as a higher yield grow system. Building this system requires the usage of PVC pipes. This is done by placing the plants in the pipe in mesh baskets, which contain the substrate at regular intervals, while the roots are hanging into the pipe. The size of the pipes influence the type and size of the plants. The most common plants used in this process are herbs, lettuce and strawberries.

Mike Hart

Mike Hart

I get my inspiration from nature and objects around me. I have a passion to colours, typography and skateboards.
Mike Hart

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